Programme for Research-Development-Innovation on Space Technology and Advanced Research – STAR
(Romanian Space Agency)

Project: Active MICRO-SHIELDS systems for protection of space infrastructures

November 2012- November 2013

General information Project description Objectives Dissemination Results
General information
Coordinating organization: National Institute for Research and develompent in Microtechnologies, IMT Bucharest
Project Manager: Dr. Ileana Cernica, Head of Ambiental Technologies R&D Laboratory, IMT-Bucharest
  National R&D Institute for Microtechnology, IMT Bucharest (Dr. Ileana Cernica)
  European Business Inovation and Research Centre SA, EBIC (Eng. Simion Dascalu )
Project description   Objectives
This project research is part of a scientific development of innovative concept for Active Micro-Shields Method and System, with the purpose to improve protection against the high velocity micro-space debris, particles and solar flares dust, including the capability to decrease radiation exposure using the synergy with advanced nano- and micro-technologies, and will be produced based on micro-materials fabrication.

This project is based on own advanced technical solutions for a structural protection against high velocity space debris, and particles travelling at very high speeds in the near space and around the human made space systems and space infrastructures.

The active capacity of the proposed Active Micro-Shields© System is define by light speed action to wipe out any colliding particles by the energy being both expandable and re-chargeable, and is based on modular design to ensure structural safety to any potential impact damage or limited to the shields' impact area. System is assisted by the electronics in monitoring structural capacities, the energy used and/or available, providing a real time post impact damage assessment of the active shields' structure on affected areas and most important shows Active Micro-Shields structural integrity

The project is addressing the research topics of the STAR Program 2012 as regarding the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary scientific technology research and this is a boundary research in the area of active space shields method and system, offering a very narrow performance and high competitivity for the emergent Romanian space industry, as a joint cooperation of a private SME and a public research institution.


- The project is addressing the research specific objectives of the STAR Program 2012 regarding the support and increased capacity of participation to several ESA operational programmes such as but not limited to the increasing the mission endurance of the scientific robotic exploration, the GNSS satellites or satellite for telecommunication and human space activities. This project is focused on the development of the space technologies, systems and space equipments very well suitable for all future aeronautics developments and other industrial activities.

- The proposal aims which demonstrate a clear long-term vision that is far beyond the state of the art for space technology and shielding, and is engaging within the high-risk innovative ideas rather than refinement of current scientific approaches. Project is expected to bring experience on the advanced technologies addressing research problems in the space domain by the SME and local aerospace industry.

- The key goals and associated challenges of this project research are: increased protection against the hazards of space environment, space safety techniques for survivability in deep space mission including protection against environmental influences and man-made micro space debris, and development of new materials, space technologies, fabrication capabilities, know-how and shielding methods.


  ISD Industry Space Days 2014, 3-4 June 2014, ESTEC Noordwijk The Nederlands, organised by ESA (poster)
Microsensors matrix for air quality control in human space missions habitable areas, Author: I. Cernica
  Presentation in the Romanian Space Week , 12-16 May 2014, Bucharest, Romania

Estimated results.

- The project will deliver entirely new solutions for the EU space industry in general, and particularly for the Romanian Aerospace Industry, a critical space technology that will improve actual European strategic agenda for non-dependence, having a major impact on the space industry production developments, over space mission operational costs, space structure integrity, space safety, increased life-cycle and space mission endurance for all kind of space based services provide by satellite systems, ISS, robotic spacecraft systems, and during the future space exploration.

- Active Micro-Shields© System is proposed to be manufactured by ROMAERO S.A., the main aerospace player in Romania, in cooperation with EBIC, IMT-Bucharest and MINATECH-RO within ROMAEROSPACE Pole of Competitivity that was created around ROMAERO S.A. to bust its competitiveness in both aeronautics and space.
- The project results will be used to support our joint participation within the next Horizon 2020 and future ESA programmes and will support the national strategy to increase a national based innovation space industry competence and capability.
- Human resources involved: over 20 researchers or engineers (142 person-months)


The Active Micro-Shields© Systems is designated for protection of human and autonomous space systems, is a radical innovation research with simple solutions embedded in the micro- and nano-technologies, which will lead to other future “disruptive technologies”, such as new detectors for monitoring of the space micro-particles, energy capacitors and storage, composite materials, nano-electronic devices, electronic shield systems, etc., system will include the advanced nano and micro-technologies which enable far-reaching space activities, based on the extended hardware’s life-cycle, support for the typical challenges already identified as key issues for the permanence of human presence in space: safer space stations with longer life-cycle, reducing subsystem failures, improved space electronics, sensors, detectors, on-board computers, etc.